A Comparative Study On The Rheological Properties Of Coal Water Slurries Using Sodium Tripoly-Phosphate And Carboxy-Methyl-Cellulose As Dispersants

10 Mar 2021 / by M. ANANDA RAO, M.V. PAVAN KUMAR, LENKA SRINU

Abstract: The effects of two anionic dispersants (polymeric-carboxy methyl cellulose: CMC and inorganic-sodium tripolyphosphate: STPP) on the rheological properties of coal water slurries (CWS) of varying solid loading were reported and compared. The rheological data was obtained in the shear
rate range of 60-160 s-1 and the data was fitted using power law model. For lower solid concentrations (10% and 20%), shear thickening behaviour was observed while shear thinning nature was seen for the higher solid loadings (30%,40% and 50%) for CWS with both the dispersants. For all slurries, an
increase in flow behaviour index values was seen with the increase of dispersant loading. For CWS of 10% and 20% solid loadings, lower values of flow behaviour index was observed with CMC as dispersant. On the other hand, lower values for flow behaviour index was seen with STPP as dispersant
for CWS of 30%, 40% and 50% solids loading. Although CMC was found very effective in reducing the apparent viscosity at lower dosages unlike STPP, the apparent viscosity values are quite sensitive to the loading of CMC as dispersant in comparison to STPP. This observed trend may be due to
aggressively induced negative charges upon the adsorption of CMC on coal particles at the tested dispersant dosages.

Keywords: Coal water slurry, high ash Indian coals, sodium tripoly-phosphate (STPP), carboxy-methylcellulose (CMC), rheology, flow behaviour index.

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